The electric ELR constituent amalgam auto was calmly one of and arguably Cadillac’s best visually handsome architectonics of the accomplished 10 years, but as anon as the low-slung two-door hit the bazaar in 2013, the grumbles about its powertrain began.
With its powertrain based carefully on the one in the ground-breaking Chevrolet Volt extended-range EV, the ELR featured a little bit added ability overall, but the aforementioned absorbing constituent formula: a about ample lithium-ion array that offered lots of quiet in-town electric range, and a four-cylinder agent to ability the electric motor, and appropriately accredit planning-free continued ambit trips.
This was cutting-edge technology at the time, and its ambit and clarification would still authorize as one of the best avant-garde PHEV powertrains today, if it was still offered.
Unfortunately for Cadillac, GM launched the ELR about two years afterwards the bunched Volt four-door landed in backward 2011 to abundant acclaim. With the ELR costing about bifold the Volt’s price.
Cadillac hints to the accessible Cadillac Lyriq’s sub-US$60k starting amount in the U.S. advance its achievement and amount will be actual reasonable aural its all-electric affluence SUV class, clashing the ELR. But afterwards GM’s top cast declared in 2109 that Cadillac would become the sprawling company’s arch cast on EV technology, there are already signs that Cadillac may not absolutely accept abstruse all the hard-knock acquaint its ELR acquaintance offered.
There are bright branding and artefact advantages to acceptance Cadillac to booty the EV advance at GM. The ELR’s Caddy-after-Chevrolet PHEV timing switched the accepted auto aggregation accent of introducing aerial technology aboriginal in a company’s priciest vehicles, breadth beyond accumulation margins advice pay for new-to-market technologies awash in lower volumes. This about allows OEMs to access up accumulation chains for assorted innovations, and allows economies of calibration and supplier antagonism to accompany the amount per assemblage of the technology down, allowance the OEM to added broadly advance it to added brands, and added consumers overall.
That’s what companies such as Volkswagen Group is accomplishing now with its EVs, assuredly introducing its all-electric Audi e-Tron SUV and Porsche Taycan models in the accomplished two years in North America, afterwards both affluence brands flirted with constituent amalgam versions of gas models at actual low volumes. Those added contempo Audi and Porsche BEVs will be followed by the accessible Volkswagen ID band of array electric cartage at abundant lower prices, on a newer but lower amount platform, and affairs (if all goes to plan) at abundant college volumes. The Volkswagen ID.3 bunched auto began deliveries in Europe recently, with the ID.4 crossover that will barrage the ID ancestors in Canada and the U.S. slated to access in 2021.
But GM never continued the use of the Volt’s broadly acclaimed continued ambit EV powertrain, afterwards years of customer and media pleas to add the advantageous PHEV technology to a beyond and/or added applied SUV-ish body, afresh the lamented 2018 afterlife of the Volt, and alike 10 years now afterwards its barrage in North America.
Interestingly, the arch powertrain architect of the second-generation Volt, Mike Harpster, is now the all-around arch architect of the Ultium array propulsion system, which is the avant-garde modular electric-only powertrain that GM has abundant will be the base of its abutting bearing of EVs in the accessible decade. Those batteries, in altered backpack sizes, will become an basic allotment of the agent structure, he explained in a contempo Zoom abysmal dive on the Cadillac Lyriq, with him and Lyriq arch architect Jamie Brewer.
When asked whether any constituent amalgam (PHEV) technology may one day afresh be acclimated in a Cadillac, Harpster bidding some activity still for the Volt-like tech.
“We’re a ample corporation, and we’re consistently evaluating,” he said. “These motors would assignment abundant in a PHEV.”
But Brewer acclaimed that there may be some array activity anatomy issues with application Ultium batteries in a PHEV, and that the beef were advised for BEV use, which is what their analysis has appropriate Cadillac owners appetite most.
“We anticipate there’s a able admiration to alteration abroad from ICE (internal agitation engine) vehicles, abnormally in the affluence segment,” said Brewer. “Cadillac is absolutely arch the way on electrification, abnormally with array technology.”
And yet, admitting repeating generally that Cadillac will be the advance cast back it comes to BEV technology, the GMC Hummer all-electric ‘supertruck’ is currently appointed to be the aboriginal accessible Ultium-powered electric agent to access in Canada, with a SuperBowl ad featuring NBA megastar LeBron James already beneath its belt, and a assembly date slated for abatement 2021 (and accepted in a post-pandemic aboriginal beachcomber update). It will action alarming specs: up to 1,000 hp, a dump truck-worthy 11,500 lb-ft of estimated torque, and aught to 97 km dispatch in about three seconds, said GM.
Meanwhile, the Cadillac Lyriq is reportedly alone slated to access to the bazaar a abounding year later, in backward 2022 as a ’23 model. With a ambit of up to 485 km, and a array admeasurement from 60 up to 100 kWh, it’s additionally far from the 200 kWh max offered in beyond barter and SUVs, or the 644 km ambit GM says is accessible with the bigger Ultium batteries.
Granted, those cartage are physically larger, and acceptable in the aforementioned or college amount ballpark as the Cadillac Lyriq, which will battling the Tesla Archetypal Y and Audi e-Tron in the market. And there’s no agnosticism that the allowance bare for a massive 200 kWh array would be a claiming in the mid-size Lyriq SUV, if accessible at all. Yet the Lyriq’s after timing than the GMC Hummer, and added affected specs, acerb challenges GM’s declared advertisement of Cadillac actuality the “vanguard of the company’s move appear an all-electric future,” a acknowledgment the aggregation audibly fabricated in January 2019.
That’s not to say there’s annihilation new with Cadillac or the Lyriq added specifically. Cadillac will consistently be accepted as the addition advance at GM, said Brewer, citation the Lyriq’s 33-inch askew LED display, a head-up affectation with aggrandized reality, as able-bodied as a ‘supervised’ alive parking function, which will acquiesce you to esplanade application your cellphone, if you’re aural six anxiety or so. But there will additionally be over the air software updates available, none of which has been offered at GM before.
These OTA software updates accept provided Tesla owners with assorted new or adapted appearance back affiliated to a WiFi arrangement overnight, such as added abacus power/quick response, new customization options, and enabled new videogames while parked, amid added features. Best of these additions accept been free, admitting some accept been paid, sometimes activating globally installed accouterments for a few hundred dollars, such as acrimonious rear seats, while others are multi-thousand-dollar options, such as Tesla’s Abounding Self Driving hardware.
Much of Cadillac’s activity on the Lyriq is based on the fac that is a arena up electric agent design.
“We did not aloof booty a gas agent battery, and being some batteries in it – we’ve invested in an all-new agent architecture,” she said, which maximizes ambit and flexibility, with no beefy array shoehorned into the trunk. “You’re not activity to feel any anatomy roll: the ride experience, the attention and the activity of its acknowledgment is absolutely exciting,” and they’re not done affability it, added Brewer.
Despite accepting no agent up front, there will not be a advanced trunk, as Brewer said Cadillac autonomous to accord buyers added allowance in the rear burden breadth by affective drivetrain apparatus to the front. “Our analysis appropriate one ample burden amplitude would be bigger than two abate spaces.”
Thus, the Lyriq is absolutely one ample bound into Cadillac’s electric future, which in the abutting 10 years may action no gas-powered cartage at all, admitting Cadillac advisers are still abrogation themselves some jerk allowance on that question.
“We plan to accomplish Cadillac an all-EV brand,” declared Brewer unequivocally. “We’re absolutely ambience ourselves up for that cold by the end of the decade.”
What we’re yet to see is whether Cadillac’s ICE-focused (until recently) admiral abstruse the adamantine acquaint accomplished by its aboriginal plug-in, the ELR, abounding years ago.